Neurofeedback and Psychology

About Us


The NFB & Psychology Interest Group aims to:

  • Provide a supportive professional  forum for discussion, information sharing, peer contact and review between APS Members and others interested in Neurofeedback and its relationship to the general body of psychology theory and practice. 
  • Enhance the professional identity of Neurofeedback practitioners within the Australian Psychological Society. 
  • Promote emerging theory, research and evidence-based practices related to Neurofeedback therapy. 
  • Strengthen our links with researchers and practitioners in the fields of psychology and neuroscience.

Why NFB & Psychology?

Neurofeedback is a treatment modality of particular relevance to psychologists: the brain is the primary organ contributing to the emotions, somatic symptoms, thoughts and behaviours for which people seek psychological support. 

Neurofeedback employs learning principles to moderate the systemic levels of brain rhythms associated with arousal, affect and attention. Scientific research has shown that abnormal brain rhythms contribute to lack of wellness and there is an increasing level of evidence relating such dysfunctional rhythms to variety of conditions including depression, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and obsessive-compulsive disorder.

Frank Duffy, a noted Harvard Neurologist, reviewed the literature and wrote an editorial for Clinical EEG and Neuroscience Journal (2000):

"The literature, which lacks any negative study of substance, suggests that (EEG biofeedback) should play a major therapeutic role in many difficult areas ... if any medication had demonstrated such a wide spectrum of efficacy, it would be universally accepted and widely used."



What is Neurofeedback?

Neurofeedback or EEG Biofeedback, is a specialised field of biofeedback with more than 30 years of research and clinical applications. Neurofeedback is based on a simple concept: if you can sense it, the brain can learn from it ...

Neurofeedback is a bottom-up technique in which the subject receives moment-to-moment feedback of EEG rhythms from a range of functioning brain systems, including those associated with arousal, attention and affective state. This process challenges the brain to modify itself (neuroplasticity) and produce healthier brain patterns consistent with improved flexibility and stability. This leads to positive change in physical, emotional and cognitive state and can lay the ground for more effective application of top down interventions such as psychotherapy.

Neurofeedback has also been used in the field of peak performance with, for example, professional golfers, opera singers and business executives. The purpose is to realize and enhance mental potential, leading to higher achievement and greater satisfaction.

ACCESS an Introductory Presentation here

In recent years, Neurofeedback has been applied to an increasing number of psychological, neurological and psychosomatic conditions. A recent meta-analyis confirms neurofeedback as an efficacious treatment for symptoms of Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder.

Journal of Clinical EEG & Neuroscience, July, 2009

Efficacy of Neurofeedback Treatment in ADHD: The Effects on Inattention, Impulsivity and Hyperactivity: a Meta-Analysis

Martijn Arns, Sabine de Ridder, Ute Strehl, Marinus Breteler and Anton Coenen


About one third of patients with epilepsy do not benefit from medical treatment. For these patients electroencephalographic (EEG) biofeedback is a viable alternative. EEG biofeedback, or neurofeedback, normalizes or enhances EEG activity by means of operant conditioning. Since the first reports of neurofeedback treatment in Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) in 1976, many studies have investigated the effects of neurofeedback on different symptoms of ADHD such as inattention, impulsivity and hyperactivity. This technique is also used by many practitioners, but the question as to the evidence-based level of this treatment is still unclear. In this study selected research on neurofeedback treatment for ADHD was collected and a meta-analysis was performed.

Both prospective controlled studies and studies employing a pre- and post-design found large effect sizes (ES) for neurofeedback on impulsivity and inattention and a medium ES for hyperactivity. Randomized studies demonstrated a lower ES for hyperactivity suggesting that hyperactivity is probably most sensitive to nonspecific treatment factors. 



Opportunities to Learn More about Neurofeedback

1] ANSA National Conference, 19 -21 November, Sydney, Australia

(includes APS NF & P Interest Group AGM 4pm Saturday 19 November)

ANSA - Applied Neuroscience Society of Australasia -

2] NovaTech EEG 4-day didactic training toward both QBoard & BCIA Neurofeedback Certification

3] EEG Research and Education 4-day didactic training toward BCIA Neurofeedback Certification  

4] Further sites for information about training: